Term 1
Term 2
Term 3

An Introduction to Archaeology - Preservation, Decay and Stratification

  1. Why do archaeologists have so few sources to work from?  Try to include three different reasons in your answer and as many different examples as you can. 
  2. What types of environments can help artefacts to survive. Give examples to illustrate your answer.
  3. Using the evidence on pages 8 and 9, draw up/copy and complete the following table:
Artefacts that survive Artefacts that decay




  1. Why do so many artefacts end up underground? 
  2. Explain what is meant by stratification. Using a diagram to help you explain how stratification can help the archaeologist date artefacts. 
  3. Having read and reflected on the content of pages 8-11, why do think archaeologists have such a difficult time reconstructing the past?