Term 1
Term 2
Term 3

An Introduction to Archaeology - Detecting the Past


Archaeological Process

Planning (References: McIntosh 22 and 12-13)

  1. What things might an archaeologist do before beginning an excavation?
  2. What does a geophysical survey detect?
  3. Why might it be more useful to take aerial photographs in the early morning or late afternoon?
  4. What are crop-marks? Why might they be useful to the archaeologist?

Excavation (References: McIntosh 22-23)

  1. Explain the following terms: site, features, layers, find, plans, section drawing.
  2. Make an illustrated list of archaeological tools, explaining how each tool might be used.
  3. Explain the different ways that an archaeologist might record the excavation? Why is recording such an important process.

Dating (References: McIntosh 54-5)

  1. Identify and explain three different methods used by archaeologists to date objects. 

Conservation (References: McIntosh 38-41)

  1. What is the purpose of conservation? Explain the view that conservation is largely about controlling the environment of what is to be conserved. 
  2. What is the 'golden rule' of all restoration and repairs?