|How did Russia become a single-party state?
||Lectures and notemaking on:
Importance of Lenin's ideological conviction, Sovnarkom, the
army, Cheka and dissolution of the Constituent Assembly, impact of
Brest-Litovsk and suppression of opposition.
|Begin with Oxley
(113-117) but supplement notes on Lenin's 'Terror' with Lynch
(117-121). You may wish to make a note of the Kronstadt Rising of
1921 in this context.
Darby - Chapter 6
Mason (111-113) as usual gives an excellent
summary of the main points. It also includes a brief summary of the
main 'positive' social changes introduced by Lenin.
Why was there a civil war in Russia?
What were the main events of the Civil War?
Why did the Bolsheviks win the Civil War?
| Comparisons made with later civil wars in Spain and
China. (Paper 2 style questions)
Lectures and notemaking on:
Why was there a civil war in Russia? Collapse of the Russian
Empire, political opposition, allied opposition, breakdown of law
and order, food requisitioning (Kulaks).
What were the main events of the Civil War? Brief notes of
the four phases of the war.
Why did the Bolsheviks win the Civil War? Bolshevik
strengths: The Red Army, munitions and manpower, commitment, terror,
control of railways and Trotsky. White weaknesses: allied help,
White divisions, lack of cooperation, lack of commitment.
(117-126). A simple description of the main events of the Civil War
is available in Darby (112-13).
A good but more detailed narrative
is available in Lynch (108-16)
Mason (114-115) has an excellent diagram five factors
to explain the reasons for Bolshevik success.
Remember that essay questions are likely to be
focused on causes of the war and reasons for Bolshevik success.
|How did the Bolsheviks change Russia 1917-24?
How did the Bolsheviks create
a 'communist' economy?
Was the motivation for economic development pragmatic or
|There were three stages in
Lenin's economic strategy after 1917 (i) State Capitalism 1917-18
(ii) War Communism 1918-21 (iii) NEP
||Lynch Chapter 7 (128-141)