on 13th and
rewritten on the 16th November
2000 by IGCSE and IB historians.
League of Nations
Article 1- Creation of a
League of Nations to avoid confrontations and settle differences
and disputes between individual League members peacefully.
Article 2 - Power will be
distributed equally among all members of the League of Nations. No
one country will have more power than any other to make decisions
and all powers will have equal rights.
Boundaries of Germany
Article 3 - France is to
Article 4 - 90% of
Germany’s colonies are to be confiscated. These countries will
have the possibility of becoming independent through plebiscites.
Article 5 - Poland is to
become an independent state gaining land from Germany, Silesia and
the port of Danzig.
Article 6 - The former
Austrian-Hungarian empire is to relinquish control of the lands of
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Croatia and Macedonia in order to
create a greater Slavic state.
Article 7 - The former
Austrian-Hungary Empire is to lose the Dalmatian Coast to Italy.
Article 8 - Albania is to
fall under the control of Serbia for 10 years. After which a
plebiscite will be issued to determine whether Albania wishes to
remain under Serbian rule. If independence is granted, Serbia is
to be granted the title of Protectorate of Albania allowing Serbia
to take all necessary steps to ensure Albanian Independence.
Military, Naval and Air
In order to render
possible the initiation of a general limitation of the armaments
of all nations, Germany will undertake to observe the military,
naval and air clauses that follow:
Article 9 - Great Britain’s
attempt to reduce the German army to 75,000 men, a prohibition of
armoured vehicles and restrictions on German artillery were
rejected by the council. But set weaponry constraints will be
applied to ensure that Germany does not become too developed.
Article 10 - The British
Royal Navy is to gain the entire German fleet.
Article 11 - The ban on
Germany from using any military aircraft was rejected by the
Article 12 - A future
committee is to be set up in order to deal with the question of
Article 13 - The League
of Nations will have until 1924 to decide on the reparation fee
Germany will have to pay to each country.
Article 14 - Reparations
must be within Germany’s financial means.
Article 15- Freedom of
navigation in international waters. The USA reminded the council
that German U-boats attacked merchant and passenger ships and that
this should not be allowed in future.
Article 18 - Reduced tax
on trade. The original US proposal of free trade was rejected.
Reduced tax will help economies grow and help European countries
recover from the war and will lead to free trade.